Donations – An Essential Guide, Part three

Donations could cause unintended pressure

Donations of Emergency Services gear to the Global South come from every kind of sources and include a big selection of manufacturers of apparatus. Donating entities gather whatever they’ll and bundle goods into shipments that ideally fit the wants of the recipient. But the considerably haphazard donations course of can end up creating added strain on the Global South recipient departments. After all, it’s hard enough maintaining a standardized stock of kit. But imagine now having a mixture of equipment, every with slightly different traits and attributes – gear, instruments and automobiles with completely different manuals if you have them, different spare components if you want them, specialist technical help if by some means you will get access to it domestically, and infrequently directions that aren’t in the local language of recipient firefighters.
Moreover, I even have seen donated gear arrive in recipient international locations that’s clearly marked as out of service (OOS), unserviceable (U/S), unrepairable, failed and even ‘unsafe–do not use’. Also frequent is damaged or incomplete equipment; PPE that’s torn, still soiled with blood, or without thermal liners; cracked helmets with no face shields or inside shell; SCBA masks with no harnesses or exhalation valves; seized pumps; and, the most common of all, punctured fire hose.
Donations usually come with written disclaimers from some Global North organizations, absolving them from any warranty, guarantee and accountability for accident, damage or mechanical failure after supply. But authorized legal responsibility is hardly the largest concern of a recipient department trying to shield its personnel. Clear fit-for-duty conditions ought to always be met by a donation to make sure it serves its meant function.
Lastly, many donors anticipate the host nation or recipient division to cover some prices – transport, import duties and flights for volunteers providing training and attending the handover. And while there are good arguments for cost-sharing (including that it encourages accountability on the a part of the recipient), these prices may be substantial for recipients who in plenty of instances can’t afford basic, new belongings. These prices put significant strain on the recipient departments and may find yourself in donations being caught in warehouses for months or years whereas recipients wait for somebody to pay taxes and costs to get the gear ‘released’ for use.
Are we encouraging risk?

I really have seen many types of equipment that require common, specialist care and statutory control that have arrived within the arms of overseas personnel having failed or exceeded the permissible requirements expected within the nation of origin. Used ladders, hoses, pumps, chemical protection fits, medical supplies, radiation and gas-monitoring gadgets, strains, lifejackets, vertical rescue equipment, and so on. all cascade their method right down to countries where they are used and trusted by those with much less regulatory safety. Firefighters in the Global South are no less brave than their counterparts in richer nations. The gear they use should still be secure.
It concerns me – and I even have seen this within the area – that some sorts of subtle donated gear often encourage firefighters to tackle emergencies that they don’t have any coaching or capability to handle. In many instances, they expose themselves to far higher danger, as they have neither the expertise nor the coaching opportunities that Global North responders have.
Responders in rising markets don’t have the posh of calling the native energy or gas firm to isolate the supply to a property before they enter. They may face saved home fuel bottles, unauthorized electrical energy connections, unlawful constructing requirements, and different hazards that make their operations especially precarious. But armed with their newly donated gear, they sometimes assume that they’re better protected to enter these dangers than before, once they had nothing.
Ask yourself when you would actually be okay with utilizing donated tools that has failed certification or passed its usable date in your personal daily emergencies, let alone underneath these circumstances?

Some donor companies that ship their personnel to give short-term, fundamental coaching issue their very own ‘certificates of attendance and/or competence’. But attendance isn’t the identical as mastery. A firefighter receiving a donation is unlikely to ask if the overseas skilled is basically certified to show them a few particular piece of equipment. Unless certifications are endorsed or acknowledged by a genuine requirements agency in the host country and the instructors have current qualifications and authorized authority to problem them outside their very own nation, the practice is questionable.
In many ways, professional guidance is much more essential than the donated gear itself. If we want to prevent donation-driven threat taking by Global South first responders, we have to not solely donate equipment that is match for responsibility but also assist our donations with certified folks on the bottom, working hand in hand with the local personnel for an acceptable time period to appropriately information and certify customers in operations and upkeep.
Donations ought to drive finances

Finally, donations do not routinely treatment the equipment and training void in rising markets, and in some circumstances, they’ll actually exacerbate the problem. Global South firefighters asking for international help are doing so as a outcome of their local authorities both lack the required funds or don’t see their wants as a precedence. But the reality is that in many nations’ governments, officials usually have little understanding of the industry. They assume that donated used gadgets are a helpful resolution to a finances shortfall. A short-term fix maybe. But in the long term, the aim have to be to inspire governments to address the true short- and long-term wants of their Emergency Services personnel and truly put money into the event of quality Emergency Services for his or her nations. A quick repair may take the strain off temporarily, but the important dialogue about long-term financing between departments and their governments needs to be happening sooner, not later.
In the tip, there isn’t a shortcutting high quality. Donations need to be high quality gear, certified for use and ideally, where possible, the identical or comparable manufacturers as those getting used presently by recipients. Equipment wants to come back with actual training from practitioners with current expertise on the gear being obtained. Recipients must be skilled so the new tools can make them safer, not create additional threat. And donations shouldn’t finish a dialog about finances – they should be a part of a conversation about larger standards and higher service that depends on a selection of new, recycled and donated gear that really serves the ever-expanding wants of the worldwide Emergency Services group.
Please hold an eye fixed out for the fourth and final instalment of this article subsequent month, where I will illustrate components to contemplate when making a donation, in addition to suggestions to make sure profitable donations you’ll have the ability to really feel pleased with.
Chris Gannon

Chris Gannon has spent 29 years in the industry as a national Fire Chief, government advisor, CEO of Gannon Emergency Solutions, and has constructed a status as a pioneer in reviewing and improving Emergency Services all over the world. For more information, please visit or
เพรสเชอร์เกจ (Global Emergency Services Action)

GESA is an international non-profit founded in 2020 by chief companies in the Emergency Services sector. GESA is a coalition of corporations, consultants and practitioners working together to change the future of the global Emergency Services marketplace. We are currently growing our flagship platform – the GESA Equipment Exchange – a web-based device that can join Global South departments with manufacturers, consultants, trainers and suppliers to tie donations to a sustainable, longer-term pipeline of sales and service. For pressure gauge octa , membership inquiries and extra, please contact


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