Pressure sensor with I�C communication ? possibilities and boundary conditions

I�C was made to communicate over short distances between printed circuit boards and is really a simple, 8-bit serial data bus. In the meantime, it isn’t only PCB-mountable pressure sensors that use the I�C signal for data transfer, but also pressure sensors remote from customer electronics.
Remote sensors usually have the benefit of being less sensitive to contaminated or aggressive media and being able to measure directly at the procedure. In the case of sensors mounted on the circuit board, the sensor element is, in many cases, exposed right to the medium. With remote sensors, steel or ceramic generally serve because the wetted surface.
I�C circuit
The I�C bus, alongside the two supply lines, requires only two further lines:
SCL (serial clock line)
SDA (serial data line)
Additional possibilities through I�C
The I�C bus is a well-known standard in electronics, offering additional possibilities for communication with a pressure sensor than with an analogue signal:
In the data protocol, in addition to the pressure value, a temperature value and diagnostic information (for instance an integrity test of the info transfer) can be transmitted via a status byte.
Several pressure sensors could be connected to a bus line as ?slaves? to the customer electronics that functions as a ?master?.
On the customer side, in contrast to the use of pressure sensors with analogue signals, the analogue-to-digital conversion of the pressure value for further signal processing is unnecessary since the pressure value is already within digital form. This contributes to faster and easier signal processing.
The electronics for communication could be built with standard components easily available on the market.
Often, I�C signal pressure sensors are also optimised to consume less energy, making them ideal for battery-powered applications. In the WIKA portfolio, for example, this pertains to the MPR-1 pressure sensor module.
Boundary conditions by using I�C
Since I�C is not a fieldbus, long wire lengths are not recommended. The utmost wire length depends, in detail, on the operating environment and the corresponding disturbing influences. I�C communication is best used in projects where in fact the pressure sensor or the pressure sensor module is built-into the customer product and thus protected against external influences. It should also be noted that with any digitally processed signal, the response time due to discrete-time sampling will undoubtedly be somewhat slower than for an analogue, continuous signal.
Note
เพรสเชอร์เกจ will undoubtedly be happy to help you with any more questions on digital interfaces.
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